Discussion Author: Christopher M Reed
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) is the most common acquired cause of gastrointestinal obstruction in the infant. Physiologically, HPS is idiopathic hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the circular muscle fibers of the pylorus with extension into the gastric antrum. There is an increased incidence in firstborn males and the condition may be inherited in some affected infants as a dominant polygenic trait. The condition is typically not congenital but rather develops over the first 2-8 weeks of life. The prototypical affected patient presents around 4-6 weeks of life with non-bilious intractable projectile vomiting. A palpable olive-shaped mass will be present in the right upper quadrant of up to 80% of affected patients.
Topic Details: Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis :: :: Search for other Topics with Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis
Highlight this =>[ Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis ]<= for a Popup Search Tool